Here are some one liners...
Mercator Projections Made Perfect for Nautical Navigation -- The shortest distance between two points is a straight line... unless you are on a globe. Mercator flattens out the globe so that you can draw a straight line on the global map.
Good God! The Saint Paul Lottery! -- Another first for England. I talk about Ben Franklin, cannons and the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah.
The Protestant vs Catholic Churn -- Lots of churn as the Protestants and Catholics fight it out.
How do you sail a compass line course over the curvature of the Earth when all you have is a flat map to plot it? Answer... a Mercator projection. It is the globe of the world projected onto a flat surface. The features at the equator are exactly proportional but as the map goes north and south the land masses become distorted while the lines of longitude and latitude remain straight. This allows a navigator to plot a straight line course on a flat map rather than a curved-looking course on any other map. In the movies, whenever you see a navigator with a grease pencil and a straight edge marking the course of his ship, you know now that he is using some view of a Mercator map.  
Good God! The Saint Paul Lottery!It's all for the public good, says Queen Elizabeth the 1st, as England's first lottery sells up to 400,000 tickets. It is held at Saint Paul's Cathedral and the Queen offers fine china and cash prizes. This is an experiment in raising money for the general fund and certain pet projects. It is advertised as being for the public good. It is probably doing someone some good. During the American Revolution, Benjamin Franklin will use a lottery to finance the purchase of cannons. The first public lotteries began in the Netherlands so the English word "lottery" comes from the Dutch word meaning "fate".    
The Protestant vs Catholic ChurnA lot is happening this year as the Protestants and Catholics fight for power.
- The French Catholics beat the Huguenot Calvinists at the battle of Jarnac. Most of the Huguenots will live to fight another day. 
- At the Battle of Orthez, the Catholics surrender to the Huguenots on condition that their lives be spared. Then the Catholics are massacred. 
- The Rising of the Northern Earls against Queen Elizabeth the 1st (Protestant) attempt to place Mary, Queen of Scots (a Catholic) on the throne. It doesn't work. 
- And other battles too numerous to list here.