Wednesday, September 16, 2015

History: The Year is 1645

I've uploaded year 1645 to the TSP Wiki...

Here are some one liners...

The Little Ice Age and the Problem with Error -- Sunspots disappear for 70 years and no one can explain it. I talk about the problem with the error in numbers and the Star Trek transporter.

Wallpaper Takes the Place of Tapestry -- It is handmade. I also talk about the window sash.

The English Civil War Lumbers On -- A list of key events but generally the Parliamentarians (Roundheads) are winning.

The Little Ice Age and the Problem with Error

This year begins 70 years with virtually ZERO sunspots reported. Of course, an absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. There are indications that the reports on solar events might be spotty and uneven in the 17th century. Yet future scientists will use these reports as if the readings were as methodical, accurate and precise as modern day measurements. It makes one uncomfortable that we are counting on these measurements to make decisions today, but the lack of solar activity in the 17th century corresponds with the worst drop in temperatures in the Little Ice Age and a change in the amount of carbon-14 in the air, coupled with a drop in the number of reports of the Aurora Borealis. Because of this corresponding evidence one can reasonably assert that there was a reduction in solar activity and it was really, really strange. As much as we want to believe that the Sun works in predictable cycles, scientists really can't explain 70 years with almost no sunspots. They can only say that it probably happened. [1]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
One of the problems with scientists (one of several) is that they get caught up in fads. Toward the end of the 1800s, most scientists believed that they understood how everything worked except for a few minor anomalies. Then Albert Einstein changed everything with Relativity and then Max Planck, Niels Bohr, and Werner Heisenberg changed everything with Quantum Mechanics. It was an inside joke when the Star Trek "transporter" had trouble with the Heisenberg compensators. Werner Heisenberg came up with the uncertainty principle but the Star Trek "transporter" needed to be certain were every atom was. Of course, the bigger joke is the assumption that all historical temperature readings are equally methodical and precise. They barely had working thermometers in the 17th century! Calculations cannot be more accurate than the numbers you punch in. As I learned in computer class... garbage in, garbage out, or "To err is human but to really screw up you need a computer!" [2] [3] [4]

Wallpaper Takes the Place of Tapestry

As a wall decoration, some sort of paper wall covering has been around since the late 1400s but this year "paper tapestry" is just beginning to replace normal tapestries as the wall covering of choice for the discriminating palace or aristocratic manor. The paper is handmade and the decorations are painted on the paper or printed using woodblock stamps. Commercially viable production wallpaper won't be available until the early 1700s. [5] [6] [7]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
Can window sashes be far behind? Actually, like wallpaper, window sashes have been around for a while but they won't become popular until the 1680s or so in the Netherlands and England. They still aren't weighted yet, so they tend to fall and the windows are fairly difficult to open. [8]

The English Civil War Lumbers On

* The Oxford Parliament was established by King Charles the 1st last year to raise money for the civil war. [9]
* Oliver Cromwell becomes Lieutenant-General of the Cavalry. (Long Parliament) [10]
* Thomas Fairfax becomes commander-in-chief. (Long Parliament) [11]
* The New Model Army is the first army that is not tied to a specific area. (Long Parliament) [12]
* Battles too numerous to mention mostly won by the Long Parliament troops who outnumber the Royalists 2-to-1. [13]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
In general, the Royalists were losing to Cromwell and the Parliamentarians.

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1645, Wikipedia.

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