Wednesday, February 3, 2016

History: The Year is 1723

I've uploaded year 1723 to the TSP Wiki...

Here are some one liners...

Vivaldi's Four Seasons Is Multimedia -- The musical themes in this work are used over and over again in modern movies and even commercials.

The Scottish Enlightenment and the Economist, Adam Smith -- Wealth of Nations and the invisible hand of commerce moving people to do a community good unintentionally.

Why I Should Care about William Blackstone -- Definitions used in the laws of the USA are using his definitions... mostly.

Vivaldi's Four Seasons Is Multimedia

This classic piece of music is Antonio Vivaldi's most recognizable work. Antonio is in his mid-40s as he completes his composition entitled: "The Four Seasons." However, it won't be published in its entirety until 1725 when he will include it with several other violin concertos. This larger work will be called "The Contest Between Harmony and Invention". What is the invention? This is one of the first multimedia compositions with music designed to work with written poetic elements. Thus he is guiding the listener and shaping his mood through the ear and the intellect. [1] [2]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
You've heard Spring's 1st Movement, Allegro, many times in the movies. I've even heard it on a TV commercial. You can just imagine life springing forth in joy. Most people also recognize elements of Winter's 1st Movement. For those who would like an introduction to classical music, Vivaldi is a good start. You'll find yourself wagging your finger in time with the music. It is a beautiful piece of work. [3]

The Scottish Enlightenment and the Economist, Adam Smith

Adam Smith is born this year in the town of Kirkcaldy. ("Kirk" is the Scottish word for "church".) His father is a Scottish solicitor. Smith will become the first modern economist. He is born into the Century of Enlightenment as the French call it. In Scotland it will be a rather exclusive club called "The Select Society". Intellectuals such as Adam Smith, David Hume and others will meet to share their ideas. It is more than a debate society. They will work to improve themselves and to think of ways to improve society as a whole. Smith will be the author of "An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations" published in 1776. It will be a master work of modern economic theory. Here is a classic quote from his work: [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker, that we expect our dinner, but from their regard to their own interest. We address ourselves, not to their humanity but to their self-love, and never talk to them of our own necessities but of their advantages. -- Wealth of Nations, Book 1, Chapter 2. [9]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
Many people criticize "Wealth of Nations" as being too pro-business, but the economist Walter E. Williams has challenged anyone to point out one sentence where Adam Smith suggests that businessmen are sweethearts. A businessman will take advantage when there is a need that he can profit by. In doing so he INADVERTENTLY serves the needs of community. For example, when Hurricane Katrina devastated Louisiana in 2005, people were without power, A number of out-of-state entrepreneurs bought generators and trucked them to Louisiana residents who paid through the nose. The businessmen were criticized for gouging customers, but selling generators at the pre-hurricane price would not compensate them for the great personal risk they were taking. They were not a charity. When the need is greater than charity can fulfill, the businessman will run to fill the gap... for a price. Distribution of scarce resources is based on an individual's own assessment of "What can I afford?" rather than a government's evaluation of "What do you deserve?" It's not always pretty, but it works. [10] [11]

Why I Should Care about William Blackstone

Blackstone is born this year. He is NOT the guy with the audiobooks! William Blackstone is the guy with the LAW BOOKS... specifically... the "Commentaries on the Laws of England." His father is a cloth merchant who dies a few months before Blackstone is born so he is raised by his mother and uncle. There is no formal educational path to become a barrister, so Blackstone will forge that path by dividing British Law into categories. He will organize British law and make is comprehensible, systematic and logical. His first book analyzing British law will sell out immediately. When his "Commentaries" are published, the printers will have difficulty keeping up with the demand. His work will become the basis of much of the legal system in the United States and the US Supreme Court will continue to cite Blackstone into the modern day. [12]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
Thomas Jefferson hated Blackstone yet he still said the Commentaries were required reading because Blackstone's ideas were pervasive throughout the laws of the colonies and later the laws of the United States. If you want to know what the original intent of the Founding Fathers was as they were writing the US Constitution, you first need to know how certain terms and ideas in the law were used at the time. That means you must know what Blackstone was thinking as a baseline. The Founders were reading his Commentaries and took them seriously whether they agreed with him or not. [13]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1723, Wikipedia.

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