Here are some one liners...
This is the World and Nothing Fits -- Mass production, milling machines and interchangeable parts.
The Power of Population and Famine 1975! -- The world's resources are limited! We're all going to die!
In Other News -- Napoleon and the Sphinx, British income tax and lithography.
This is the World and Nothing FitsUp to this time, almost every item in the world is handmade and unique, but when a brand new country like the USA is facing a possible war with France it is going to need 10,000 muskets very fast. A single craftsman could build 50 muskets a year, but not 10,000. Eli Whitney is not a gunsmith. He is the inventor of the cotton gin, but his factory has burned down so he accepts the contract to produce those muskets. Although not in the original contract, it is obvious that Whitney will have to mass produce them with interchangeable parts. How will he do it? Someone will have to invent the high speed milling machine but not this year and certainly not the next. Whitney is going to string the government along with excuses until he and several contemporaries will use high speed milling machines to produce parts to a fine tolerance. The parts won't be perfect, but they will be close enough that a little filing will bring each part into compliance. FYI, with the coming of labor-saving machines, you are seeing the end of the guilds and like a modern factory layoff, a lot of skilled workers will be wondering what to do with themselves and who to blame. 
The Power of Population and Famine 1975!The world's population returned to its pre-Plague numbers in the 1650s and is now estimated to be 1 billion souls. This "hockey-stick" growth pattern has forced an early demographer, Reverend Robert Malthus, to issue a desperate warning. He suggests that the doubling power of population is normally kept in check by war, disease and vice, but after those forces claim their share, famine claims the rest. IT'S A TRAP! There is no escape. As peace prevails and disease is conquered, the population explodes making famine all the more horrible. It is called a Malthusian (mal-THOO-see-an) trap and we are doomed to repeat this cycle. Currently over a million Englishmen are on the dole. Over 100,000 paupers have been forced into workhouses. In 1815, Great Britain will raise tariffs on imported food to prop up English farmers. This will make food more expensive and cause... yes, you guessed it... a famine.    
In Other News
- A wartime income tax of 10% is imposed on British subjects. I'm sure it is just temporary.