Here are some one liners...
The Year Without Summer and Without Economic Sense -- A volcanic eruption disrupts the weather causing worldwide crop failures, yet the UK does not lift its tariff on food. The USA places a tariff on cotton and it's all going to come apart in a couple of years.
The 2nd Bank of the United States and Fractional Banking -- The economic chaos after the war has President Madison pushing for another central bank He will get it... good and hard. I also explain fractional banking.
In Other News -- The Remington rifle, kaleidoscope, stethoscope, and the Stirling Engine
The Year Without Summer and Without Economic SenseLast year the Mount Tambora volcano in modern day Indonesia exploded, throwing 38 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. It was one of the largest volcanic explosions in history. Aside from the local death and destruction, it also caused cooler weather... "A Year without Summer". Worldwide crop failures are causing famine. Coincidentally, a credit crunch in the UK has caused their economy to grind to a halt. In response, they have instituted tariffs on corn to protect the corn industry, but tariffs don't protect the people who eat the corn. (The word "corn" in this context means the major grains used for food.) With higher food prices, people start moving to Canada and the United States. Meanwhile, the US passes its first protective tariff. They want to save the American cotton industry! The tariff adds 25 cents per yard to the price of cotton cloth or $4.35 in modern dollars. The South opposes the tariff because THEY GROW COTTON and they already have established (and better) markets in the UK. The South also imports goods, so tariffs mean increased prices for everything they buy. The Depression of 1818 is coming for the UK and the Panic of 1819 in the USA is next when the price of cotton collapses.    
The 2nd Bank of the United States and Fractional BankingThe charter for the 1st Bank of the United States expired in 1811. The bank was run by the Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, and its job was to create a common currency, control the money supply and otherwise act as a central bank for the Federal government. It's charter was opposed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, the current President of the United States. Yet Madison is pushing for a 2nd Bank of the United States. The economic chaos after the end of the war has caused a money shortage. Very few coins are in circulation in certain areas of the United States and Madison believes that a central bank is needed to control these shortages. Also, the United States is using several different types of money from the script issued by individual banks to gold doubloons. The charter for the new bank will be approved this year and the bank will be open for business next year. When the time for renewal of the charter comes around, Andrew Jackson will be President and Andrew Jackson hates banks. (This is one of his virtues.) He thinks banks are dishonest. (Well... yes.) So he will fight the renewal of the charter and remove all Federal deposits from the bank. (That will be interesting.) The bank will retaliate, causing economic chaos, until people catch on. The United States economy will be a long time recovering from the 2nd Bank of the United States.  
In Other News
- The stethoscope is invented by two children and a French doctor. A Paris doctor notices two children communicating with each other using a long wooden tube and a pin to make scratching noises. He adapts a wooden tube to diagnose the heart condition of a woman without having to place his ear directly against her chest.   
- The Stirling Engine is invented. You have to see it to believe it. It works on the temperature difference from the top of the cylinder to the bottom in order to move a piston. I've seen a few potential applications, but if it has been around for 200 years, I suspect all the applications are limited ones.