Here are some one liners...
The Man Without a Country -- The story of Philip Nolan sentenced to live the rest of his life on shipboard without a country is a story. Not fact. It was written to inspire, but it really torques me off.
A New Kind of War -- I talk about the change in technology and how that has forced the Union to change its tactics.
Four Score and Seven Years Ago -- It speaks for itself.
In Other News -- The Seventh-day Adventists, a stolen base and draft riots in New York City.
The Man Without a Country
- "NOLAN. Died, on board U.S. Corvette 'Levant,' Latitude. 2 degrees 11 seconds South, Longitude 131 degrees West, on the 11th of May, PHILIP NOLAN."
- --New York Herald, Obituaries, August 13th 1863.
A New Kind of WarPresident Lincoln, General Grant and General Sherman have been developing new tactics for the new technology of war. What new technology? Sewing machines that can produce shoes and clothing by the boxcar load, and boxcars that can be filled with goods needed to supply the army along the railway line. Each threshing machine and harvester can free up six farm hands to fight the war, and the new rifles have an effective range of 800 yards. That means when you mount your horse, take up your saber and yell, "CHARGE!", it will be a short and bloody trip. That is one reason why the Battles of Shiloh, Antietam and Gettysburg, Pennsylvania have become such bloody affairs. The old tactics of concentrating one's forces and riding to the sound of the guns depended on less accurate weapons with a shorter range. Now, concentrating one's forces allows one bullet to kill two soldiers. (In other words... spread out a little more guys!) Cannons are no longer an offensive weapon. They are now defensive, and earthworks are an essential part of any working war strategy. Every man behind earthworks and holding a rifle can hold off three times his number if he is backed up by cannon fire. Those who conform to the old ways of war are doomed to a swift and messy death. The Union has mostly got the message. They are changing... slowly. The Confederates have also recognized a need to change tactics. Certainly, General Lee knows this, but over all, the Confederacy has been sticking to the old playbook. General Grant and General Sherman are going to make them eat it. 
Four Score and Seven Years Ago...The Union has won another bloody victory over the Confederates. The Battle of Gettysburg has ended General Lee's incursions into the North. 23,000 casualties for the Union and more for the Confederates. 8,900 dead total. Gettysburg has become a graveyard. A few months after the battle, it becomes a graveyard in fact. President Lincoln is invited to speak at the dedication. He almost doesn't make the trip. His son, Tad, is ill and his wife, Mary, is frantic. They are still mourning the death of their son, Willie. Luckily, Tad improves. Lincoln works on the speech that he will deliver the next day. The featured speaker is Edward Everett, the former Secretary of State. After two hours, President Lincoln takes the stand. His speech is short, but its impact will be felt into the modern day. Several versions of his speech have come down to us, but most people remember the opening line.  
- Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
- Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
- But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
In Other News
- The Seventh-day Adventist Church is established. If you read your Bible carefully, you will note that the seventh day (or Sabbath) is NOT Sunday! Sunday is certainly a special day in Christian circles, but this new Christian group decides that the Second Coming is nigh, so they are squaring themselves up a little.