Wednesday, October 22, 2014

History: The Year is 1453

I've uploaded year 1453 to the TSP Wiki...

Here are some one liners...

100 Years' War: The Last Battle -- No one knows it yet, but the 100 Years' War has come to and end. England has lost France forever.

The Fall of Constantinople -- The Ottoman Sultan decides he can't trust Christians and he can't afford to have Christians at his back so he takes Constantinople and turns it into Istanbul.

100 Years' War: The Last Battle

Since the death of King Henry the 5th of England and France, and the crowning of King Henry the 6th, the 100 Years' War has been prosecuted by the Duke of Bedford, an able commander, but with the death of Bedford, the English fight has faltered. King Charles the 7th of France has overcome his chronic depression (thanks to the office of The Royal Mistress) and has led his standing army of 20 companies of hand-picked mercenaries supported directly by the government rather than by plunder... the beginnings of a professional military. With the inspiration of Joan of Arc, the French troops have been so successful that all they have to do is to roll up with their cannons and a city will surrender without a shot fired. The final battle of this war is fought at Castillon. John Talbot advances his troops into the French firing line when he mistakes flying dust as the retreat of the French. The English have lost it all except for a toehold at the city of Calais on the French coast. They also maintain a presence on the Channel Island of Guernsey but France holds Jersey Island. No one knows it yet but this war is over. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
When one side wants peace at any price they pay a heavy price. England has lost France forever. An economic slump has produced general rebellion throughout Europe, and especially in England and Flanders. King Henry will take the blame for it all mostly because the nobles who owned lands in France are now disowned. This will have the unexpected effect of strengthening the English Parliament since it is the last bastion of stability against a passive and mentally ill king. The seeds of the "War of the Roses" have been sown. The nobles of York want a new king... someone who is not a Lancaster. [6]

The Fall of Constantinople

The Ottoman Sultan no longer trusts the Christians in his midst so he resolves to destroy the City of Constantinople and scatter the people of the Morea in Greece. A German engineer constructs a massive cannon for the Sultan's use but the boat used to transport it sinks under the weight so the Sultan orders a second cannon, twice as large. He fortifies the roads and bridges, moves the cannon to Constantinople and fires into the walls of the city. Sultan's navy does poorly in the assault. They twice ram the massive chain that hangs across the Golden Horn waterway without success. This enrages the Sultan. Within days, the city walls fall and with them, the last remnants of the Eastern Roman Empire are blotted out. Byzantium [bih-ZAN-tee-um] is no more. The city of Constantinople becomes the city of Istanbul. [7] [8] [9]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
The eastern Christians scattered, looking for refuge in the western Christian world. They carried stories of terror that were mostly accurate. An advisor said that Emperor Constantine the 11th refused to run when escape was possible. Instead he said that he would rather die than run, threw off his royal robes, grabbed a sword and marched to the walls to defend the city. He found his death almost immediately. The Sultan had the Emperor's head cut off, impaled on a pike and paraded around the city. The Emperor was buried in an anonymous grave along with his men. There are rumors that his body was entombed in the south-east pier of the church of St Theodosia which is now a mosque. There is a coffin located there, but it is most likely someone else.[10] Additional observation: The fall of Constantinople effectively cuts off the markets to the east making it more important than ever for Europe to find a path around Africa to China and India.

 This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1453, Wikipedia.

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