Tuesday, October 28, 2014

History: The Year is 1455

I've uploaded year 1455 to the TSP Wiki...


Here are some one liners...

War of the Roses: York vs Lancaster -- Negotiations break down and the King gets an arrow in the neck. Richard of York will become regent again as the King slips back into madness.

The Gutenberg Revolution -- The Gutenberg Bible will spark a revolution in thought not because of the Bible itself but because people will recognize the potential of the printing press.

When Is a Man Like a Cow? --When he is a prisoner. I discuss the idea of bailment and Dog the Bounty Hunter.

War of the Roses: York vs Lancaster

After recovering from his madness, King Henry the 6th of England has dismissed his regent, Richard of York. Perhaps there was a misunderstanding but shortly thereafter, Richard assembles an army. King Henry rides out with his own army to St Albans and finds himself outnumbered. The King hunkers down at St Albans and sends a representative to Richard's encampment to negotiate. The King's men break for dinner in town but negotiations break down quickly after the King threatens Richard. Richard's forces are ready for battle and set upon the makeshift defenses at St Albans. The King's men rush back to join the battle. It's a slaughter... mostly of the nobles. King Henry takes an arrow to the neck, and is taken into protective custody, so to speak. Within months King Henry will slip back into madness and Richard of York will become regent once more. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
King Henry had every right to demand that Richard disperse his army. Richard claimed self-defense, but it was a weak argument. Nevertheless, Richard had broadsheets printed that explained what happened in the best terms possible. Everyone understood that something very dangerous had occurred so both sides worked very hard to tamp down their tempers. The truce held for a time. Further Information: The terms "War of the Roses" and "The Cousins War" will be coined later to describe this power struggle over the throne between the houses of York and Lancaster. Shakespeare will popularize a legend that the nobles chose sides by selecting a red rose for Lancaster or a white rose for York. This is total bunk but it sounds romantic so the legend persists. This is a complex subject so I've provided background information in the notes below. [6]

The Gutenberg Revolution

Up to this point the Gutenberg printing press has been making money printing various religious documents. Apparently this was big business, but now they've taken on the Bible. This Bible is the first major book printed using the new movable type printing press. The Bible is the Vulgate Latin translation by St. Jerome. 180 copies are ready to go in this first printing. Planning began 5 years ago and it has taken 3 years to produce. 48 copies of the original Gutenberg Bible will survive into the modern day. It is a thing of beauty. [7]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
Most historians agree: the revolution starts now. The revolution is not so much the printing of the Bible because most people don't know Latin except for clergy and the aristocracy. The revolution is in the printing press itself. Many people will see the potential of the printing press because of this Bible. In 30 years hundreds if not thousands of Gutenberg printing presses with be in cities throughout Europe. Had the printing press existed during the time of John Wycliffe, 60 years earlier, his English translation of the Bible would have had a massive influence on civilization. As it is, the world will change in ways these people can't imagine right now.

When Is a Man Like a Cow?

The answer is.... when he is a prisoner. The jailer takes custody of a prisoner and is therefore responsible and liable for his value as he would be if his neighbor left his cow in custody. If a cow is lost while in custody of another, the custodian is responsible with the exception of theft or robbery by others. Thus if the prisoner's buddies came by, beat up the jailer and helped the prisoner escape, the jailer would not be monetarily responsible but if the jailer was negligent, the jailer must pay. This legal position will remain the law of the land for the next few hundred of years. [8]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
The legal term for taking custody of property on behalf of another is "bailment". For example: when you leave your car AND THE KEYS with your mechanic you have created a condition of bailment. The mechanic is now responsible for your car should it be stolen or damaged unless your car is hit by a comet. Bailment usually applies to property, but a bail bondsman will put up money and guarantee that a defendant will show up for his trial on a date certain. The bail bondsman doesn't actually take custody of the defendant unless the defendant doesn't show up. Then Dog the Bounty Hunter will come looking for the defendant and take custody the hard way or the easy way. It's their choice. [9] [10]

This Year in Wikipedia

Year 1455, Wikipedia.

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