Monday, March 16, 2015

History: The Year is 1536

I've uploaded year 1536 to the TSP Wiki...

Here are some one liners...

The Queen is Dead; Long Live the Queen; The Queen is Dead... Again -- Queen Catherine dies, and Queen Anne miscarries, causing King Henry to arrest her and behead her. This is a palace coup

The 2nd Act of Henry the 8th and the Moral Hazard of Helping the Poor -- King Henry the 8th is really on a roll. He passes an Act that makes it treasonous to repeal the Act... making it a forever law. Apparently "forever" will be a few years. He also passes a law regarding Vagabonds and making sure they are working. I talk about Unemployment Benefits in the United States and the danger of giving too much.

Norway is Nowhere -- Noway becomes part of Denmark and will not win its independence again until 1905. I quote Ronald Reagan on the loss of freedom.

The Queen is Dead; Long Live the Queen; The Queen is Dead... Again

Catherine, the Queen of England, has died. She was a faithful Catholic so when the Pope had refused King Henry the 8th's request to annul the marriage, she naturally insisted that she was still Queen. Catherine had given the King a daughter, Mary, but the King wanted a male heir. King Henry had the Church of England annul the marriage and married Anne Boleyn who quickly gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth. Now Anne must produce a male heir, but on the day of Queen Catherine's funeral, Queen Anne miscarries. It was a boy, but that doesn't matter now. It was her fourth pregnancy and her last chance. The King has their marriage secretly declared invalid. She is arrested and accused of crimes of incest, adultery and conspiracy to murder the King. Queen Anne is found guilty of treason along with her brother and the various men who were accused of adultery with her. They will lose their heads before the year is out. [1] [2] [3]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
This was a palace coup. Aside from King Henry's suspicions about Anne Boleyn, it is more likely that his advisor, Thomas Cromwell, was driving the downfall of Anne. Along the way he took out several inconvenient people except Anne's father who seemed to be going along with this charade. Anne, herself, was not trained to be a queen. She was trained to be a mistress like her sister, Mary Boleyn. So when Anne became Queen, King Henry took on mistresses and expected Anne to shut up about it. She was very unhappy about this development and whenever she had a complaint everyone heard it. This tendency to run off at the mouth is where the accusation of conspiracy to murder the King came from. And regarding their invalid marriage, several years before their marriage, the King had been boffing Anne's sister, Mary! This created a relationship in the eyes of the Church that had to be accounted for. This normally wasn't a big problem, but it served the King's purposes that it should be a big problem when he needed to dump Anne.[4] [5] [6]

The 2nd Act of Henry the 8th and the Moral Hazard of Helping the Poor

It's a big year for King Henry the 8th. After putting his wife to death for treason, how does he fill the time? The Second Succession Act took Queen Anne's daughter, Elizabeth out of the line of succession, and removed Mary the daughter of Queen Catherine as well. This Act also makes it an act of treason to repeal the Act itself. He then disbands all monasteries, convents, friaries and sells their assets, making some provision for those displaced. He also takes all their money. Since these monasteries are the primary means of helping the poor, the King will begin taxing workers to help the able-bodied workers who are out of work. (Similar to unemployment insurance.) Anything else? Yes. He makes illegal any and all communication or even praise of the Pope. And last but not least, the King will rebuild the ship the Mary Rose which will sink in 1545... something about failing to close the gun ports as they came about. The Mary Rose won't be found again until 1971. [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
King Henry the 8th made a distinction between the helpless poor (that is... those too ill to work) and able-bodied migrant workers. Because farm work is seasonal, migrant workers had become a burden to local charities. Since the King has disbanded the monasteries (the primary help for the poor) government became the helping hand. It also implemented regulations that were less than charitable. In the modern day, FDR passed the Social Security Act which included Unemployment Insurance. Overburdened charities were grateful but it caused their demise as the government took their place. According to the Libertarian economist Charles Murray in his book "Losing Ground," unemployment benefits (as they were implemented originally) were the least harmful way to help the poor. But today the benefits have produced what is called "a moral hazard". When an insurance benefit is too high and the premium is too low, you will make happen the very thing you are insuring against. That is why a business with low-cost fire insurance suddenly bursts into flames and why unemployment insurance (as it is implemented today) causes unemployment. [14] [15] [16]

Norway is Nowhere

The kingdom of Norway is dissolved. It has been annexed by Denmark. (Have a nice day.) Ever since Sweden won its independence from Denmark and broke the Kalmar Union, the region has been unstable. King Christian the 2nd of Denmark was deposed a few years ago by the Rigsraad (RIKS-rowed), the Council of the Realm which is majority Catholic, and replaced him with his uncle, Frederick, but Frederick has alarming sympathies with Martin Luther and his son, Christian the 3rd, is an even BIGGER Lutheran. A civil war has been raging and finally ends when King Christian marches into Copenhagen. The new King disestablishes all Catholic monasteries like King Henry the 8th of England has done, sells off their lands and takes their money. In the past Norway maintained it's borders and institutions as a separate kingdom under two crowns... the Crown of Norway and the Crown of Denmark worn by a single person. Now it will be a single kingdom under Christian the 3rd. [17] [18] [19] [20] [21]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
This melding of two kingdoms will never be complete. Passing a law does not erase a border. People still remember where the line was drawn. Norway will be dragged into several ill-considered wars and will not win its independence again until 1905, proving President Ronald Reagan's observation that...
"Freedom is never more than one generation away from extinction. We didn't pass it to our children in the bloodstream. It must be fought for, protected, and handed on for them to do the same, or one day we will spend our sunset years telling our children and our children's children what it was once like in the United States where men were free." [22]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1536, Wikipedia.

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