Tuesday, February 3, 2015

History: The Year is 1512

I've uploaded year 1512 to the TSP Wiki...


Here are some one liners...

The Maroons of the New World and Mississippi State -- African slaves are escaping in large numbers. They and their decedents will be called Maroons. That is also what Mississippi State University Bulldogs used to be called well into the 1960s.

The Passing of Amerigo -- The man America is named after dies this year.

The Faithless Are Doomed: The Fifth Lateran Council Begins -- Well... when the Pope failed to convene a council, others did. That forced the Pope to convene The Fifth Lateran Council which will affirm that salvation comes only through the Church. It's tough on the Jews.

The Maroons of the New World and Mississippi State

African slaves began arriving in numbers in 1512 and as might be expected, the number of escaped slaves went up in parallel. These are not simple folk. African slaves of this time are people with skills such as blacksmiths, tanners and jewelers. Unfortunately for the Spaniards, African slaves are also being drawn from the wealth of military prisoners being taken during the civil war in the Jolof Empire (a region that encompasses modern day Senegal and Gambia). These slaves have serious skills in fighting and surviving. They escape to the jungles of the Caribbean and Brazil in huge numbers. The Spaniards call them "cimarrĂ³ns" which means "mountain runaways" indicating that they head for the hills at the first opportunity. They will eventually develop into an identifiable hereditary group and win their independence from the Dutch in 1760 negotiated by a Maroon living in Boston who had learned to read and write. [1] [2] [3]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
Obviously, this is also where we get the word "maroon" meaning abandoned or stuck as most African slaves were when they were brought to the Americas. The name "Maroons" also applies to the Mississippi State University football team. Beginning in 1885, Mississippi A&M began playing football under the name "The Maroons." They also used the name "The Aggies." In 1932 when they became Mississippi State College they took on the name "Bulldogs, but the name "Maroons" was still used well into the 1960s, even after they had officially adopted "Bully Bulldog" as their mascot.[4] [5]

The Passing of Amerigo

Amerigo Vespucci has passed away at the age of 57. As we have learned, Amerigo's reports on his exploration of the New World entranced Europe. He also proved that Christopher Columbus had not reached China. Two popular cartographers named the new region "America" after him and the rest is history. He was made a citizen of Spain and taught navigation toward the end of his life. [6]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
I've noted this almost every time... the reports on Amerigo are tainted by a certain enthusiasm that looks a lot like someone was monkeying with the reports for their own purposes. That doesn't make Amerigo wrong or bad. It might have been someone else doing it but it makes his information unreliable in detail... like a lot of reports from this time period.

The Faithless Are Doomed: The Fifth Lateran Council Begins

Pope Julius the 2nd had promised to convene a council but when he failed to do so, the Holy Roman Emperor and King Louis the 12th of France held one in Pisa with 4 cardinals and several bishops and abbots. This upset Pope Julius so he convened an official Council at St. John Lateran's Basilica this year. They will spend most of their time refuting what the previous 4 cardinals decided. [7] [8]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
It has been a long-term principle of the Church that there is no salvation outside of the Church. That principle will be reaffirmed by the Fifth Lateran Council. It's a tough principle and the Jews have suffered under the Christians for it for centuries but in recent times the Pope has conceded that the Jews have a special salvation aside from Christianity. I think most Jews would not really care what the Pope thinks of Jewish salvation, but he had to say it and I'm glad he did. FYI, I am Jewish and associated with Rabbi David Novak who has written extensively on Christian-Jewish relations. [9] [10] [11]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1512, Wikipedia.

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