Tuesday, May 26, 2015

History: The Year is 1582

I've uploaded year 1582 to the TSP Wiki...


Here are some one liners...

Back to the Future: The Gregorian Calendar -- The modern calendar is introduced but it is not accepted universally. I talk about various problems people had with the calendar and also talk about the time drift experienced by the scientists handling the Mars Rover.

The Douay Catholic Bible Translation -- Every translation is an interpretation so the Catholics come out with their own interpretation of the Bible in English.

'The Ambition of Oda Nobuna' is Not Just a TV Show -- The Japanese leader is caught without a defense so he sets fire to the temple and kills himself. I also talk about the TV show and video game that includes his character as a reference.

Back to the Future: The Gregorian Calendar

Pope Gregory the 13th introduces the Gregorian calendar. It replaces the Julian calendar which has been drifting from its connection to the traditional names of the months. (Example: December means the 10th month, but it's not the 10th month.) The Julian calendar adds an extra day every 4 years but its too much of a correction, adding a little over 11 minutes to every year. This is interfering with the calculation of the religious holidays, particularly Easter, so the Pope commissioned the mathematician Christoph Clau to come up with a solution. He uses leap years, but with special rules... [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400.
My Take by Alex Shrugged
New Year's Day changed to January 1st. (It used to be a few days before Easter.) They also time-traveled from Thursday, October 4th to Friday, October 15th to realign the religious holidays. Naturally, acceptance of the new calendar lagged. Alaska switched to the Gregorian calendar in 1867. In some countries, the people rioted, demanding their missing days back. After all... if you had a contract with a delivery date certain, you just lost time for production and transport. Fewer work days meant a smaller paycheck that month for rent. In the modern day the scientists monitoring the Mars Rover have a drifting work schedule. Mars has a rotation of 24 hours, 39.5 minutes, so a scientist starting the day shift on Mars-time will be working the graveyard shift on Earth-time after a few weeks as the planet times drift out of sync. [8] [9] My apologies: In the history segment for 1469 I said that the Gregorian calendar has a leap year, but said nothing about how the Julian calendar is calculated, thus implying that the Julian calendar did not have one. It has one but it is an over-correction.

The Douay Catholic Bible Translation

To this point, the Catholic Church has been resisting a translation of the Bible into English, depending instead on Saint Jerome's 4th century Latin translation, but most people don't read Latin. The Protestants have been winning the "social media" war with Bibles translated into the vernacular. The Catholics believe the translations are biased. (FYI, all translations are biased. Every single one. No exceptions.) Now the Catholic Church can address those concerns with their own English translation prepared by the Catholic seminary in Douay, France. It remains the basis of the modern translation that the Catholic Church uses today. [10] [11] [12]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
As I have said before, every translation is an interpretation. The translator is choosing from several words in English that best convey what the original text is trying to communicate. It is perfectly reasonable for disagreements to occur between translators as to what is the most important (or least misleading) idea to present to the reader. Each translation not only leaves out important meanings but adds meanings that are not in the original text. It is the duty of the reader of any translation to remember this and look up troublesome Bible passages to make sure it says what you think it says, but I'm not your father. It's up to you to handle the issue in your own way or not handle it at all.

'The Ambition of Oda Nobuna' is Not Just a TV Show

With the deaths of so many leaders in his fighting force, Lord Oda Nobuna has been struggling to maintain control over Kyoto and the surrounding area. He is sending out the leaders he has left to strengthen his armies but in sending them away, he becomes vulnerable himself. He has been one of the three unifying figures in Japanese history, but when one of his generals sees this opening, Nobuna realizes he is a goner. As the general approaches the temple to kill him, Nobuna has his aide, Ran, set fire to the temple. He then speaks these last words to his aide before committing suicide, "Ran, don't let them come in...." Ran also commits suicide. The body of Oda Nobuna is never found, leading to much speculation, and some myth. He remains a mythical figure in Japan to this day. [13] [14] [15]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
He also has his own video game and TV show! The TV show is listed on the Anime Network as 'The Ambition of Oda Nobuna'. His character is gender-flipped into a girl with a mean temper and a lot of ambition. Obviously, the character bears little resemblance to the real figure of history. Cultural references are made to Oda Nobuna throughout Japanese entertainment including novels, manga, and such. In other words, everyone knows his name even if they don't know why he was important to Japan.

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1582, Wikipedia.

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