Tuesday, November 3, 2015

History: The Year is 1672

I've uploaded year 1672 to the TSP Wiki...


Here are some one liners...

The Fire Hose is Invented -- What were they doing BEFORE? They had this wash tub thing with a crank that you had to move up next to the fire. It was horrifying and dangerous.

The First Military Martinet is Killed by 'Friendly Fire' -- John Martinet sets up drill instructions for the French troops but he is ridiculed by the English so his name becomes an insult.

This New Medicine is a Toss-Up -- A root extract becomes a way to induce vomiting.

The Fire Hose is Invented

The Dutch artist, Jan van der Heyden, has been placed in charge of the volunteer fire department. Up to this point, firefighting equipment has been unsatisfactory, so Jan and his brother redesign the water pump and tank so that firefighters don't risk their lives by dragging a heavy water pump and tank near a burning building. They have added a 50 foot leather hose to the pump so that a firefighter can bring the water to the fire. They have also designed cloth water buckets to make it easier to fill the tank from a nearby stream. Later they will redesign the pump itself and add a suction hose held rigid by wire. The fire hose will be introduced to the United States in 1794 in Philadelphia. [1] [2] [3]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
The early firefighting pump consisted of a large wash tub sitting on a tripod with a light pump apparatus mounted over the top of the tub. A crank was turned to create pressure in a rigid, angled pipe at the top. You aimed the stream toward the flames but the stream didn't go far so several people had to drag that heavy contraption next to the building. Thus using a leather pipe was a stroke of genius.

The First Military Martinet is Killed by 'Friendly Fire'

In the modern day a "martinet" refers to someone who rigidly adheres to the rules. The word actually comes from the name of the Inspector General of the French Army, John Martinet. He was assigned to drill the troops and mold them into a disciplined fighting force. His program becomes the model for a standing army in the 17th Century. England finds such discipline needlessly stringent and ridicules his program. Thus we get the Inspector General's name being used as an insult. Martinet also developed the depot system. Supplies are stored so that they are readily available to the troops. This system prevents troops from having to "forage" for food, which is just another word for pillaging. Along with the new system of roads being built, supplying an army this way has become the standard. Unfortunately for France, the Inspector General is killed this year in battle, probably by "friendly fire". Make what you will of it. [4] [5] [6] [7]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
King Louis the 14th was itching to conquer the Holy Roman Empire which was essentially Germany and the Netherlands. That is what motivated him to whip the army into shape. 1672 was also the year when the France attacked the Netherlands, causing so many rapid changes for the worse that the Dutch called it "The Year of Disaster." The city of Amsterdam attempted to stop the French Army by opening the flood gates, but the tactic didn't work. Thus began the decline of Amsterdam. [8]

This New Medicine is a Toss-Up

This extract from the root of a Brazilian plant has come into use as a medicine, mostly to help with dysentery. Depending on its concentration it can be used to settle the stomach or to induce vomiting. In the modern day it is often called "Syrup of Ipecac". [9]
My Take by Alex Shrugged
In the 1950s "Syrup of Ipecac" used to be in most medicine chests in case a child would find some cleaning fluid under the kitchen sink and drink it. As time went on, doctors began discouraging the use of vomiting to treat poisoning. WebMD cautions that "Syrup of Ipecac" might reduce the effectiveness of poison antidotes. Check with your own doctor or poison control center to find out if you need "Syrup of Ipecac" in your medicine cabinet today. I've never had a use for it. When I searched for it on Amazon.com I couldn't find any. [10]

This Year on Wikipedia

Year 1672, Wikipedia.

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