Here are some one liners...
Eugenics and the Scopes Monkey Trial -- Tennessee outlaws teaching Darwinism in schools so John Scopes defies the law.. or does he?
If We Could Talk to the Animals -- I talk about the assumptions scientists make and Koko the Gorilla.
Notable Births -- Margaret Thatcher, William F. Buckley Jr., Barbara Bush. (Living), Pol Pot, Sammy Davis Jr., Peter Sellers, and B. B. King
In Other News -- The term 'Cosmic rays' is coined. The New Madison Square Garden opens and Mount Rushmore is dedicated.
Eugenics and the Scopes Monkey TrialBuckle in. This is going to be a bumpy ride.
Tennessee has passed a law forbidding the teaching of Darwin's theory of evolution in government schools. In short, you cannot deny the biblical account of Divine Creation by teaching that men evolved from apes. Of course, the Bible is somewhat vague on how man was created, and "apes" are not "monkeys". Nevertheless, most folks believe that God created man somehow, but if you claim (within the bounds of a state school) that God used evolution to do it, you are in violation of the law. The newly formed American Civil Liberties Union puts out an ad pledging to defend any teacher who violates this law. Please. Please. Please. The businessmen of Dayton take the challenge. They figure it will put them on the map! A few students complain that their teacher, John Scopes, taught evolution. He is fined $100 which is close to $2,900 in modern dollars. But this isn't about the money. (Please don't make me say "principle" because principles have very little to do with this.) Everyone is in on it... the judge, the jury, the prosecutor, William Jennings Bryan, and the students. The defense attorney, Clarence Darrow, begs the jury to return a guilty verdict. (Hmm...) NINE MINUTES LATER, Scopes is found guilty. Two years later the state Supreme Court will find the law to be constitutional, but irrelevant because 1) the law has already been repealed, 2) John Scopes is no longer a teacher, and most importantly, 3) judges cannot impose fines in Tennessee over $50. Only juries can do that. The Creationists win!   
If We Could Talk to the AnimalsEugenics is definitely a fad made possible by the assumptions scientists are willing to make, and we all know where assumptions lead. For example, the number of chromosomes in the human genome has been determined to be 48. (If you were awake during your high school biology class you know this number is WRONG! Yet "48" will remain "fact" for the next 30 years.) Since it is assumed that human beings are descended from the Great Apes, and they have 48 chromosomes, naturally humans must have the same number. A quick scan and they are done. The assumption that apes are simply primitive humans drives the eugenics research in chimps. Dr. Robert Yerkes (YER-kees) assumes he knows how chimps think. As you read his book "Chimpanzee Intelligence" you get the creepy feeling that he is reading their minds. Later his colleagues will raise a chimp as a child, hoping it will learn the human language as a baby does, but they will eventually conclude that chimps lack the physical ability to form human words. Unfortunately, the work of Yerkes will lead to the development of intelligence tests used in government schools and the Army.       
- Margaret Thatcher. UK Prime Minister. She will be instrumental in destroying the Soviet Union. 
- William F. Buckley Jr.. Leading spokesman for conservative philosophy. 
- Barbara Bush. (Living) First Lady and mother of President Bush the Younger. 
- Pol Pot. Cambodian leader and mass murderer. 
- And in Entertainment...
- -- Sammy Davis Jr. Best known for the song, "The Candy Man". 
- -- Peter Sellers. Actor, in films like The Pick Panther, and Dr. Strangelove. 
- -- B. B. King. Blues singer who will get a Grammy for "The Thrill Is Gone". 
- **Note: (Living) means they were alive when I checked on 2017-Jan-5.
In Other News
- Mount Rushmore is dedicated. Construction itself will begin in 1927.